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  • BIRA-IASB: Organisation
    Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy What is BIRA IASB What is aeronomy Organisation Jobs News Press Planetarium visit BIRA IASB Organisation Click for more info about each group

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/organisation/organisation.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Jobs Vacancies | BIRA-IASB Jobs
    the analysis of IR and UV spectra of planetary atmospheres and to document them for the users The candidate must hold a Master or PhD degree in Sciences Mathematics or Engineer or similar and should be available as soon as possible before July 2016 Job description Planetary Aeronomy Scientist pdf Scientific Researcher The Tropospheric Modelling team is looking for a Scientific Researcher holding a PhD degree in Physical Chemical or

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/jobs.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • BIRA-IASB News & press releases
    Belgium between the prestigious domes amateur telescopes will be installed on August 12 to enjoy a beautiful star sky The radio receiver from the Belgian RAdio Meteor Stations netwerk BRAMS located on the domain will catch the radio signals that mark the presence of the meteors Subscriptions for Night of shooting stars are complete But no worries find a dark place outside lay on your back and enjoy Late night is the best time Live plot of the hourly meteor counts based on worldwide observations BRAMS and how you can join the network New cutting edge project complements our knowledge about planet Mars July 9th 2015 To prepare the future ExoMars mission a consortium of seven European scientific institutions coordinated by the Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía IAA CSIC will develop new analytical techniques to exploit data of existing missions to Mars With its internationally recognised expertise in the observation and modelling of planetary atmospheres BIRA IASB will undoubtedly be a very valuable project partner The European Commission has described the science to be deployed in this project as excellent and has granted funding of over 2 million under the Horizon 2020 programme Complete article New cutting edge project complements our knowledge about planet Mars ESA selects THOR and 2 other M4 mission proposals for a study phase BIRA IASB is involved 10 June 2015 In August 2014 a call for the fourth medium size M4 mission opportunity was issued in the frame of ESA s Cosmic Vision Programme with launch foreseen in 2025 ESA received 27 proposals in response to this call amongst which also THOR Turbulence Heating ObserveR in which the Space Physics division at BIRA IASB is involved After a thorough evaluation of the scientific and programmatic aspects of all candidate missions THOR was recommended as one of the three mission concepts to proceed to a Phase 0 study which is the first official phase of a mission In mid 2017 ESA will finally decide which of the three will go ahead More info Design for nanosatellite PICASSO positively assessed 12 May 2015 To measure the ozone distribution in the stratosphere the temperature in the mesosphere and the electron density in the ionosphere the Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy BIRA IASB is developping the PICASSO satellite in collaboration with VTT Finland Clyde Space Ltd UK and the Centre Spatial de Liège Belgium for the European Space Agency ESA Just 32x10x10 cm in size this CubeSat will use a miniaturised multispectral imager for atmospheric limb sounding with the Sun as the light source VISION the multineedle Sweeping Langmuir Probe SLP sampling the electron density of the space around it On 23 24 April 2015 the PICASSO mission was reviewed by ESA during a Preliminary Design Review PDR collocation at the European Space Research and Technology Centre ESTEC Both instruments VISION and SLP and the platform were positively assessed during a very intense questions answers session with ESA experts from different fields Complete article Design for nanosatellite PICASSO

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/news-press.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Planetarium | BIRA-IASB
    pole space In contrast to the federal museums the Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy BIRA IASB doesn t have an exhibition space to receive the general public Luckily there is an agreement with the Planetarium of the Royal Observatory

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/visit.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Global Change | BIRA-IASB
    and technology Mission operations Data management Global Change Climate change is unquestionably one of the biggest environmental challenges facing humanity today Its significance has been acknowledged by the latest reports from the IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Therefore it is essential that measures should be taken to monitor these changes study their causes and mitigate their effects Observations carried

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/topics/globalchange/index.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Ozone | BIRA-IASB
    The stratosphere a layer in the atmosphere between approximately 10 and 50 kilometers above the Earth s surface contains around 90 of the total atmospheric ozone amount This stratospheric ozone is generally known as the ozone layer Animatie Stratosferisch Ozon 2009 avi file 4 MB Animatie Stratosferisch Ozon 2010 avi file 4 MB The ozone in the troposphere the lowest layer in the atmosphere that reaches from the Earth s surface to an altitude between 8 to 15 kilometres accounts for the remaining 10 of ozone A survey of ozone concentrations in ambient air as measured by the Air Monitoring Networks of Flanders Brussels and Wallonia is available on the Interregional Cell for the Environment website Ozone molecules are chemically the same in both layers consisting of three oxygen atoms and sharing the same chemical formula O 3 Nevertheless they influence humans and other living creatures in a totally different way Read complete article Ozone influence on humans and living creatures Two spectacular phenomena threatened the natural protection The stratospheric ozone layer protects the Earth s biosphere from a large part of the ultraviolet radiation emitted by the Sun Appearing in the beginning of the 1980s two spectacular phenomena demonstrated

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/topics/naturalhazards/ozone.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • UV at the surface | BIRA-IASB
    therefore is characterized by a wavelength related to the composition and temperature of the transmitter in this case the Sun Read complete article What is UV and where does it come from Why should we control the UV doses received and what are the major issues Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation can cause significant damage to living organisms For example the painful experience of a sunburn erythema is a visible manifestation of a type of defense mechanism set up by the cells of our skin against excessive UV doses Read complete article Why should we control the UV doses received and what are the major issues Installing a monitoring network of UV ground stations In early 1980 following the discovery of the ozone hole pdf above Antarctica see folder Aeronomy and ozone scientists began to worry about the risks threatening populations due to a potential increase of UV rays in surface To verify the potential for increased UV B on the ground better understand the mechanisms of penetration through the atmosphere and to finally establish a climatology both reliable and continuous the group Solar Radiation of the Royal Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy BIRA IASB decided to establish a network

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/topics/naturalhazards/uv-surface.htm (2016-04-27)
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  • Air quality | BIRA-IASB
    quality Air pollution a vital topic for world citizens As a result of rapid industrial growth and urbanization in many industrializing countries during the last decades air pollution has b ecome a major environmental issue with a potentially important impact on climate change on the global scale Thus urban pollution is poisoning not only regions combining a high productivity with a high population density such as the Eastern USA Europe and Japan the primary industrialized countries but also many booming economies of emerging industrialized countries like China India Indonesia etc In this context the quality of the air we breathe has become a vital topic for world citizens What happens to air quality Large cities like Mexico Beijing Shanghai New York Johannesburg etc as well as the main industrial regions like the Ruhr Basin in Germany the Benelux the Po river valley in Italy stand out as severely polluted areas and are consequently clearly identifiable on air pollution maps Read complete article What happens to air quality A few atmospheric species related to air quality Nitrogen dioxide NO2 already notorious as one of the main causes of photochemical smog and acid rain is also responsible for respiratory tract irritation problems

    Original URL path: http://www.bira-iasb.be/en/topics/globalchange/airquality.htm (2016-04-27)
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